Frequently Asked Questions

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What is infertility, sterility, and how do they differ?

Infertility is defined as the attempt to have children by having sexual intercourse frequently, for at least 1 year, without success. Female sterility, male sterility, or a combination of both can prevent pregnancy and affects millions of couples. It is estimated that between 10% and 18% of couples in the United States have problems to have a baby.

Infertility refers to couples who get pregnant but not able to carry the pregnancy to term with a newborn.

What is an assisted reproduction centre and why Latid?

It is a medical center specialized in diagnostic methods and techniques of reproduction, with medical staff, multidisciplinary and highly trained with the most modern technology to treat fertility problems and infertility.

In Latid we have this and more. We work tirelessly, we walk with you step-by-step, and sailed next to you the complex waters of infertility with the same goal: to see a life being born.

What is primary infertility and secondary infertility?

Primary infertility or sterility refers to couples who have not been able to become pregnant after at least 1 year of intercourse without using any type of contraceptive method, or you have never been able to carry a pregnancy to term.

Infertility or secondary infertility refers to couples who have already been able to become pregnant at least once and already have children, but now have not been able to become pregnant and carry the pregnancy to term.

What are the causes of infertility or secondary infertility?

In general, the causes of secondary infertility are similar to those of primary infertility. However, it is noteworthy that the secondary infertility occurs quite frequently due to the passage of time.

The older maternal age and the decrease of the ovarian reserve are the major reasons for secondary infertility. From the age of 35 years about women's fertility begins to decrease dramatically. For this reason, there may be difficulty in achieving a pregnancy, although a few years ago, the couple could achieve this easily. May also appear alterations associated with the first pregnancy or health problems that are inactive at the time of first conception as, for example, diabetes, hyperprolactinemia, endometriosis, etc

What are the symptoms of infertility in women?

The main symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. A menstrual cycle is too long (35 days or more), too short (less than 21 days), irregular or absent can mean that there is no ovulation. It is likely that there are no other signs or obvious symptoms.

When to seek help depends on your age.

  • Up to 35 years of age, most doctors recommend that you try to get pregnant for at least a year before the analysis or treatment.
  • If you are between 35 and 40 years talk about your concerns with the doctor after having tried for over 6 months.
  • If you have more than 40 years, it is possible that the doctor wants to start the analysis or treatment right away.

It is possible that the doctor will also want to perform analysis or treatment immediately if you or your partner have fertility problems known, or if you have a history of irregular periods or painful, pelvic inflammatory disease, repeated miscarriages, cancer treatment, or endometriosis.

What are the main causes of infertility in women?

There are many things that can affect the sterility as the delay of the pursuit of a pregnancy, stress, obesity, anorexia, consumption of drugs and/or medications, excessive alcohol consumption and tobacco, chemotherapy, among others. In addition, there may be other conditions that affect the sterility of women, such as:

  • Ovulation disorders such as: polycystic ovary syndrome, dysfunction in the hypothalamus, premature ovarian failure and high levels of prolactin.
  • Damage or obstructions in the fallopian tubes: pelvic inflammatory disease, previous surgery in the abdomen or pelvis, tuberculosis, pelvic.
  • Endometriosis occurs when the tissue that normally grows in the uterus it implants and grows in other places. This extra growth of tissue —and its surgical removal— can cause scarring, which may block the fallopian tubes and prevent the egg and sperm join. Endometriosis can also affect the lining of the uterus, and disrupt the implantation of the fertilized egg.
  • Causes uterine: polyps, scarring from endometriosis, congenital uterine abnormalities, cervical stenosis.
  • Unexplained infertility: sometimes, the cause of infertility is never found. A combination of several factors minors in both members of the couple could cause fertility problems unexplained.

What are the main causes of infertility in men?

Some problems, hormonal, anatomical, and immune to, and even some environmental factors can cause a lack of sperm, and other disorders of the semen. In general, the main causes of infertility in men are:

  • Low semen quality.
  • Occlusions.
  • Hereditary factors.
  • Ejaculation retrograde.
  • An undescended testicle.
  • Varicocele.
  • Vasectomy.
  • Widespread diseases or infectious diseases.

A semen analysis is done to provide the necessary information to measure the quantity and quality of sperm.

I have already had children before, how could I present a case of infertility?

Unfortunately the infertility problems can arise at any moment and having had children doesn't necessarily guarantee that you can't have them in the future. This is known as infertility or secondary infertility. Check with your health care provider if you are having difficulty becoming pregnant since there are many assisted reproduction procedures that can increase your chances of achieving a pregnancy.

How you can avoid or prevent the sterility or infertility?

There is nothing that can ensure completely that you don't have problems of sterility or infertility in the future, however, there are a number of things that you can avoid to reduce your risk of suffer from anal fissures, as what they are:

  • Maintain a healthy body weight as the women both with over-weight and under weight, may be at greater risk of ovulation disorders.
  • Stop smoking because smoking has countless negative effects for your health in general, even in fertility.
  • Avoid alcohol, since excessive alcohol consumption can cause decreased fertility.
  • Reduces and controls the stress, as has been often shown that couples who suffer from psychological stress are less effective in assisted reproduction treatments.

What infertility is more common in men or in women?

The sterility is due to factors feminine about a third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time. In the rest of cases, the cause is unknown or a combination of factors, male and female.

However, it should be noted that the age of female is a determining factor in cases of infertility as the ideal age to have children is between 25 and 35 years old, from out of the 35 female fertility decreases significantly, and from the age of 45, the possibility of an occasional pregnancy is very low.

What age is the determining factor in infertility?

Definitely a woman's age is a key factor in cases of infertility as the ideal age in biological terms to have children is between 25 and 35 years of age. Between those ages, the conditions are more favorable for conceiving, bearing and giving birth to a son. From the age of 35 years, female fertility decreases, and from the age of 45, the possibility of an occasional pregnancy is very low.

How do I know when I am ovulating?

When ovulation occurs is a series of hormonal changes that naturally produce certain changes in our body. These are the main symptoms that will help you to know when ovulating:

  • Cervical fluid: during menstrual cycle, your cervical fluid changes form depending on the phase in which we find ourselves. At the approach of ovulation, it appears the cervical mucus and increases its amount, presenting a sticky consistency and elastic.
  • Bbt: basal body temperature is the one that we present when we state a time at rest. This slightly increases when we are ovulating, and is detected only with a basal thermometer.
  • Changes in the cervix: during ovulation, the cervix is positioned higher, it is softer and is more open.

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